Are Paediatricians in demand in Australia?


As the Australian population grows, so does the need for healthcare professionals, including Paediatricians. Paediatricians play a critical role in the healthcare system, addressing children's physical, emotional, and social health and well-being from infancy to young adulthood. In recent years, Australia has experienced a surge in Paediatric service demand, presenting challenges and opportunities for the healthcare sector.

Factors contributing to the increased demand for paediatricians

1. Population growth and urbanisation

Australia's population has steadily risen in recent years, increasing the demand for Paediatricians. The increasing number of births in urban areas has further highlighted the need for more specialists as parents seek timely and comprehensive care for their children. This trend underscores the necessity for accessible Paediatric services in urban centres.

2. Awareness of early intervention

Greater awareness about the importance of early intervention and preventive care in addressing developmental and behavioural issues has also contributed to the growing demand for Paediatricians. Parents are more inclined to seek professional help at the first sign of a problem rather than waiting for symptoms to escalate. This proactive approach emphasises the significance of early childhood healthcare.

3. Advances in medical technology and treatments

Technological advancements in paediatrics have enabled the early detection and treatment of various health conditions. As a result, the demand for Paediatric specialists has grown, with parents seeking expert guidance on the best course of action for their child's health. These advancements underscore the need for Paediatricians who are proficient in utilising cutting-edge medical technologies.

4. Increasing prevalence of chronic conditions

The rising incidence of chronic health conditions, such as obesity, diabetes, and mental health disorders, has led to a surge in demand for Paediatricians who are skilled in managing these issues in young patients. This necessitates Paediatricians with specialised training in addressing chronic conditions and providing comprehensive care for affected children and adolescents.

Addressing the shortage of paediatricians

The growing demand for Paediatric services has led to concerns about potential shortages of Paediatricians in Australia. To address this issue, several strategies have been implemented, including:

1. Expansion of medical training programs

Australian medical schools have expanded their Paediatric training programs to ensure a sufficient supply of Paediatricians in the future. By offering more positions and enhancing the curriculum, they are working to provide an adequate number of well-trained Paediatricians to meet the growing demand.

2. Encouraging rural and remote practice

The Australian government has introduced incentives to encourage Paediatricians to work in rural and remote areas, where the need for healthcare professionals is often greater. These incentives include financial support, professional development opportunities, and improved resource access.

3. Streamlining immigration processes for overseas professionals

To address the immediate need for Paediatricians, Australia has streamlined the immigration process for qualified overseas professionals. By expediting the process, the country can benefit from the expertise of foreign Paediatricians to help meet the growing demand.

Labour market insights

Sourced from the Australian Government Labour Market Insights website, here are some statistics into the Paediatric workforce in 2024:

  • 60% female
  • 1,700 employed
  • Average age 41
  • 78% full-time
  • Skilled level "Very skilled"

How to become a paediatrician in Australia

To become a Paediatrician in Australia, one must complete a medical degree (MBBS or MD) from an accredited university, followed by an internship year in a hospital. Next, gain general medical registration with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA) and apply for a Basic Paediatric Training position with the Royal Australasian College of Physicians (RACP). Complete at least three years of Basic Paediatric RACP Training, then apply for Advanced Training, specialising in a chosen paediatric field. After completing Advanced Training, register as a Fellow of RACP to become a fully qualified Paediatrician. This training pathway ensures paediatricians have the necessary skills and knowledge to provide high-quality care to children and adolescents across Australia.

The role of Paediatricians in the healthcare system

Paediatricians play a vital role in ensuring the health and well-being of children and adolescents. They are trained to diagnose, treat, and prevent various medical conditions affecting young patients, from common illnesses to complex developmental disorders. Paediatricians work closely with other healthcare professionals, including nurses, psychologists, and social workers, to provide comprehensive care that addresses their patients and their families' physical, emotional, and social needs.

Career opportunities and specialisations in Paediatrics

Paediatrics offers diverse career opportunities and specialisations for healthcare professionals interested in working with children and adolescents. Some paediatricians may choose to focus on a specific area of paediatric medicine, such as:

General Paediatrics:

General Paediatricians provide primary care to children and adolescents, diagnosing and treating various medical conditions, from routine check-ups to complex illnesses.

Emergency Medicine:

Paediatric emergency physicians specialise in providing acute medical care to children and adolescents who require urgent attention due to illness or injury.


Paediatricians can further specialise in various subspecialties, such as paediatric cardiology, paediatric oncology, paediatric neurology, and paediatric critical care. These subspecialties require additional training and expertise to diagnose and manage specific medical conditions affecting children and adolescents.

Research and academia:

Some Paediatricians pursue careers in research and academia, conducting studies to advance medical knowledge and improve patient care. They may work in universities, research institutions, or healthcare organisations, contributing to the development of new treatments and therapies for Paediatric conditions.

The rising demand for Paediatricians in Australia presents challenges and opportunities for the healthcare sector. By expanding medical training programs, encouraging rural practice, and streamlining immigration processes for overseas professionals, Australia is taking important steps to address the growing need for Paediatric care. Other medical practitioners in demand include GPs, Surgeons, Anaesthetists, and ER doctors.

As the population continues to grow and evolve, the healthcare system must adapt to ensure that the health and well-being of Australia's children remain a top priority.

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Medrecruit Editorial Team
15 April 2023Article by Medrecruit Editorial TeamMedrecruit Editor